Tuesday, December 05, 2006

Introduction to the Caucasus

If I were asked to describe the Caucasus region, I would say Armenia was the most rational and knows where it’s heading, Georgia knows it should be sensible and get things done but its innate irrationality gets in the way, and Azerbaijan impulsively - but unpretentiously - heads nowhere (this is why Georgians prefer Azeris to Armenians; Georgians claim that Armenians always have secret agenda, but the real reason may be resentment of the fact that they actually get things done).

One can observe the same thing in the field of contemporary art: in Armenia spaces for contemporary and experimental art, opportunities for discussion and information resources are most developed. Art historians consciously try to put the work of young Armenian artists in the context of a recent tradition, thereby supporting their work and helping them develop it further. There is a catalog of contemporary Armenian art; curators make international presentations of Armenian Contemporary art, and every two years Armenian artists represent their country in the Armenian pavilion in the Venice Biennale (though when you look at the CVs of some of these artists what you find is a series of regional exhibitions interspersed with show at the Venice Biennale).

Georgia knows it needs all this: work needs to be contextualized, the art scene needs to become more unified, buildings need to be acquired for non-commercial artistic purposes, but all this remains at the planning stage, presumably because of a lack of organizational skills and a sense of common purpose.

Azerbaijan simply neglects all this: its artists claim to be the first and only ones to be working in their respective fields, they rarely mention each other and each one considers himself the best, if only he were recognised as such. Exhibitions are organized in order to produce glossy full colour catalogs, rather than the other way round.

Needless to say, no significant cultural development can take place in a region where national borders between states remain largely closed, especially when we are talking about countries as tiny as Armenia, whose territory covers 29,800 km²and has a population of 3.5 million people, Georgia, which covers 69,700²km and has a population of 4.5 million people, and Azerbaijan, which covers 86,600 km²and has a population 8.5 million people. What is more, these tiny counties have a tendency to get smaller and smaller: some having regions in a state of semi-conflict, others in a state of frozen conflict; some with territories recognized by international bodies such as the UN, others with unrecognized territories, living in a state of legal limbo.

These three countries also have a tendency to hate their immediate neighbour and to have friendly relations with their next neighbour but one – or in the case of Georgia, with neighbours some distance away.

If artists don’t start talking to each other, if we don’t realize that ideas have to be shared and that we will only achieve anything significant from a common ground, we will remain small countries with insignificant cultural lives slavishly following the dominant trend. We will condemn ourselves to always being one step – or several steps – behind.

Friday, December 01, 2006

Caucasian roundtable

here some space

There were eight of us round the table: two festival organizers from France, two women representing Armenian agriculture, a man and a woman representing Azeri agriculture, a man from Georgia - also representing agriculture - and me. We were at the Est-Ouest festival in Die, a small town in France near Lyon. This year’s festival was about the Caucasus, and there were representatives of these three countries
from the fields of culture and agriculture. We had gathered round the table because the agricultural representatives urgently wanted to discuss the work that I had made for the festival. This work was somewhat provocative; it consisted of a series of politically incorrect sentences describing ethnic relations in the Caucasus region. They were based on well-known sayings and jokes that are widely shared within each ethnic group, but which are never discussed outside one’s own circle. The sentences were printed on stickers in Russian and French and were put up across the town on festival posters.

As our discussion began I could hardly have imagined that it would reveal the character of the entire Caucasus region so clearly and the manner in which each country tries to resolve its problems.

I opened the talk, explaining my reasons for putting up the stickers. My main purpose was to get people talking about subjects that each nationality talks about at home behind closed doors but which it never openly discusses with its neighbours.
I said that if we want get anywhere we have to open up mentally, we have to try to see our problems from different perspectives. And by posting up these stickers outside the museum or Gallery context I wanted to talk to a larger audience and not just to people involved with art - who’ve heard it all already, are surprised by hardly anything and are rarely, if ever, shocked or offended.

The first to reply was the Georgian man. He said that he had found the little provincial town so very pleasant and peaceful (not surprisingly, given that we were in a beautiful southern part of France, with free food, free wine and carefully planned cultural program) until he saw these stickers; then he felt depressed and sad. There was one that especially worried him: “Why do Georgians kill each other when they have so many Armenians in their country?”-Azeri guy asks. It was a joke that everybody knew but he was worried that a Russian or a Ukrainian reading it would think that Georgians still are killing each other. He said that we [Georgians] understand it’s a joke, but other people won’t.

Then the Azeri man spoke. He said that he would represent the view of the entire agricultural delegation on this subject and asked for five minutes to speak on the subject. First he asked whether the festival organizers knew of the proposal to put up these stickers and, if so, what their content was. The festival organizers replied that they did know, and at this he expressed his deep disappointment. The fact was, he said, that I was being malicious by putting up these stickers, and to put a stop to it he has taken some photographs of it and would make sure that they found their way up there, where they belonged. (Here one needs to understand that some things are always left unsaid: in Azerbaijan the government is never directly referred to, just as it never was under the Soviet Union). This, he assured us, would guarantee that Sophia Tabatadze would become as famous as the Danish cartoonists who drew the caricature of Muhammad. I replied that this was clearly a threat and that I was not afraid of it. He was silent for a while and then, having reflected a little, announced that he had found a solution. The posters with stickers on them would, he said, be replaced by the new ones, so that this discussion need not go any further than our table. I replied that this was not a solution to the problem; the festival organizers voiced their objection to replacing the posters. Once the festival organizers had backed me up, there was little this Azeri man could say or do. He became suddenly charitable, he forgave me: he told me that, he now understood me, and felt sorry for me sitting there, being attacked by everyone. As I sat there watching him pursue his strategy, I found I felt nothing: I knew his time was over, and I knew I had to develop this work further, since it so clearly had touched a nerve. No other work of mine has created so much discussion. Later on an Azeri writer, another participant at the festival told me that the two people representing Azeri agriculture at the conference were KGB agents, and had come with the rest of the group to make sure that everything should run to plan.

Two Armenian women said they had not read the sentences and therefore could not comment on them, but later on they privately showed me the thumbs up and said that I had been very brave. The fact was, though, that they were just glad I had stood up to the representative of an enemy country.

Tuesday, November 28, 2006

Sentences about Caucasus:

Armenians have bigger noses than Georgians.

Azeris are Turks, therefore stupid.

The Georgian Alphabet was written by an Armenian.

There is a dictatorship in Azerbaijan, they have not moved forward since the fall of the Soviet

Georgia is so green and beautiful but the land turns into rocks right after you cross the
Armenian border.

The biggest sea Armenians have is a lake; so do the Azeris.

Armenians and Azeris can communicate.

Georgia is binding the Caucasus region together.

Karabakh belongs to Armenia.

Karabakh belongs to Azerbaijan.

Dolma is Armenian food.

The best contemporary artists in the region are from Georgia.

The best contemporary artists in the region are from Azerbaijan.

The best contemporary artists in the region are from Armenia.

Armenians stick together and help each other.

Armenians have it easy because of their Diaspora.

Azeris have it easy because they have oil.

Georgia is closest to Europe in the Caucasus.

Turkish coffee is actually Armenian coffee.

The Georgian president made a move on the Azeri president’s wife.

There are more cafes in Yerevan than in Tbilisi and Baku together.

Armenians destroyed their old city to build tasteless Euroremont cafes.

All the shoemakers in Tbilisi are Armenians; that’s the best they can do anyway.

Georgians are lazy, they drink and party all the time.

The best food in the region is Georgian.

Armenians and Georgians have two, unique alphabets.

Georgians are the most nationalist people in the region; they speak Georgian to each other.

Russians support Armenia.

Americans support Georgia, Georgia is the 51st state of the United States.

The sea is very polluted in Azerbaijan.

Armenians do not forget and do not forgive and do not enter into dialogue.

Azeris do not forget and do not forgive and do not enter into dialogue.

Nobody drinks alcohol in Azerbaijan because their religion forbids them from doing so.

The region would be so much nicer without Georgians being there.

The region would be so much nicer without Azeris being there.

The region would be so much nicer without Armenians being there.

All Azeri men are gay.

Why do Georgians kill each other when they have so many Armenians in their country? - asks
Azeri guy.

Armenians tolerate other nationalities: there are no other nationalities living in Armenia.

Azeris are neither Turks nor Tartars - God knows who they are.

The Azeri alphabet was changed five times during the 20th century. Now they want to ask the
Armenians to create a definitive alphabet for them.